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Microsoft Corporation

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Microsoft Corporation is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44.28 billion and 76,000 employees in 102 countries. It develops, manufactures, licenses, and supports a wide range of software products for computing devices. Headquartered in Redmond, Washington, USA, its best selling products are the Microsoft Windows operating system and the Microsoft Office suite of productivity software. These have all achieved near-ubiquity in the desktop computer market, approaching fulfillment of Microsoft’s original goal, “A computer on every desk and in every home, running Microsoft software.”Microsoft possesses footholds in other markets; with assets such as the MSNBC cable television network, the MSN Internet portal, and the Microsoft Encarta multimedia encyclopedia. The company also markets both computer hardware products such as the Microsoft mouse as well as home entertainment products such as the Xbox, Xbox 360, Zune and MSN TV.

History & Achievements
The History & Achievements of Microsoft Corporation can be defined in four stages of development

· Stage – I (1975–1985: The founding of Microsoft)
Bill Gates known as the creator of the new microcomputer, Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems, offering to demonstrate an implementation of the BASIC programming language for the system. Gates left Harvard University, moved to Albuquerque, New Mexico where MITS was located and founded Microsoft there. The company’s first international office was founded on November 1, 1978, in Japan, entitled “ASCII Microsoft” (now called “Microsoft Japan”). On January 1, 1979, the company moved from Albuquerque to a new home in Bellevue, Washington.
A DOS (Disk Operating System) was the operating system that brought the company its real success. On August 12, 1981, after negotiations with Digital Research failed, IBM awarded a contract to Microsoft to provide a version of the CP/M operating system, which was set to be used in the upcoming IBM Personal Computer (PC). For this deal, Microsoft purchased a CP/M clone called QDOS (Quick and Dirty Operating System) from Tim Paterson of Seattle Computer Products, which IBM renamed to PC-DOS. Later, the market saw a flood of IBM PC clones after Columbia Data Products successfully cloned the IBM BIOS, and through aggressive marketing of their own QDOS derivative, MS-DOS, to manufacturers of IBM-PC clones Microsoft rose from a small player to one of the major software vendors in the home computer industry. The company expanded into new markets with the release of the Microsoft Mouse in 1983, as a well as a publishing division named Microsoft Press.

· Stage – II (1985–1995: OS/2 and the rise of Windows)
On November 20, 1985, Microsoft released its first retail version of Microsoft Windows. Originally,
Graphical extension for its MS-DOS operating system. In August, Microsoft and IBM partnered in the development of a different operating system called OS/2. Around one month later, on March 13, the company went public with an IPO, priced at US$28.00. In 1987, Microsoft eventually released their first version of OS/2 to OEMs.
In 1989, Microsoft introduced its office product named Microsoft Office. Microsoft Office is a bundle of separate office productivity applications, such as Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel and so forth. On May 22, 1990 Microsoft launched Windows 3.0.The new version of Microsoft’s operating system boasted such new features as streamlined user interface graphics and improved protected mode capability for the Intel 386 processor; it sold over 100,000 copies in two weeks. Windows at the time generated more revenue for Microsoft than OS/2, and the company decided to move more resources from OS/2 to Windows. In the ensuing years, the popularity of OS/2 declined, and Windows quickly became the favored PC platform.

In 1993 Microsoft released Windows NT 3.1, a server-based operating system with a similar user interface to consumer versions of the operating system, but with an entirely different kernel. In 1995, Microsoft released Windows 95, a new version of the company’s flagship operating system which featured a completely new user interface, including a novel start button; more than a million copies of Microsoft Windows 95 were sold in the first four days after its release. The company later released its web browser named Internet Explorer.

· Stage – III (1995–2005: The Internet & XP)
In the mid-90s, Microsoft began to expand its product line into computer networking and the World Wide Web. On August 24, 1995, it launched a major online service, MSN (Microsoft Network), as a direct competitor to AOL. MSN became an umbrella service for Microsoft’s online services. The company continued to branch out into new markets in 1996, starting with a joint venture with NBC to create a new 24/7 cable news station, MSNBC. Microsoft entered the personal digital assistant (PDA) market in November with Windows CE 1.0, a new built-from-scratch version of their flagship operating system, specifically designed to run on low-memory, low-performance machines, such as handhelds and other small computers. Later in 1997, Internet Explorer 4.0 was released for both Mac OS and Windows, marking the beginning of the takeover of the browser market from rival Netscape.
The year 1998 was significant in Microsoft’s history, with Bill Gates appointing Steve Ballmer as president of Microsoft but remaining as Chair and CEO himself. The company released Windows 98, an update to Windows 95 that incorporated a number of Internet-focused features and support for new types of devices. In 2001, Microsoft released Windows XP, the first version that encompassed the features of both its business and home product lines. XP introduced a new graphical user interface, the first such change since Windows 95.Later, Microsoft would enter the multi-billion-dollar game console market dominated by Sony and Nintendo, with the release of the Xbox.

· Stage – IV(2005–2007: Vista and more transitions)
In 2006 Bill Gates announced a two year transition period from his role as Chief Software Architect, which would be taken by Ray Ozzie, and planned to remain the company’s chairman, head of the Board of Directors and act as an adviser on key projects. Windows Vista is Microsoft’s latest operating system, released in January 2007. Microsoft Office 2007 was released at the same time; its “Ribbon” user interface is a significant departure from its predecessors.

Products
In order to get the best output Microsoft has been divided into three divisions.

1. Microsoft Platform Products and Services Divisions.
The following products are produced under this division; this is the most important division of Microsoft.

Operating System’s Utilities Software Development
Windows 3.1. Windows 95.Windows 98.Windows 2000.Windows 2000 server.Windows Me.Windows Server 2003.Windows XP.Windows Vista. MSN Hotmail.MSN Messenger.Microsoft online magazine. Windows Live Messenger.The online service MSN.The cable television station MSNBC. Microsoft Visual Studio. NET.SQL Server.Exchange Server.

2. Microsoft Business Division.

The Microsoft Business Division produces Microsoft Office, which is the company’s line of office software.
No. Microsoft Office Function
1. Microsoft Word A Word Processor.
2. Microsoft Access A Personal Relational Database Application.
3. Microsoft Excel A Spreadsheet Program.
4. Microsoft Outlook. Exchange Server (Organizer).
5. Microsoft Power Point Presentation Software.
6. Microsoft Front Page A HTML Editor.
7. Microsoft Publisher Desktop Publishing Software
8. Microsoft Visio Visual Representation Software.
9. Microsoft Project Project Related Software
10. Microsoft InfoPath –
11. Microsoft OneNote –

3. Microsoft Entertainment and Devices Division
The Entertainment and Devices Division of Microsoft includes following things
No. Entertainment Hardware Entertainment Software
1. Microsoft Xbox 360 Age of Empires
2. Windows CE Halo
3. Windows Mobile Microsoft Flight Simulator
4. MSN TV Microsoft Zone
5. Digital Video Recorder (DVR) –

Information
The Head office of Microsoft is in USA, there are 71,172 employees working, with offices all over the world including Pakistan. Founded in 1975, Microsoft (Nasdaq “MSFT”) is the worldwide leader in software, services and solutions that help people and businesses realize their full potential. More information is given below.

· Board of Directors
No. Name Information
1. Steven A. Ballmer Chief Executive Officer, Microsoft Corporation
2. James I. Cash Jr. Ph.D. Professor, Harvard Business School
3. Dina Dublon Former Chief Financial Officer, JPMorgan Chase
4. William H. Gates III Chairman, Microsoft Corporation
5. Raymond V. Gilmartin Former Chairman, President and CEO, Merck .Inc
6. David F. Marquardt General Partner, August Capital
7. Charles H. Noski Former Vice Chairman, AT&T Corporation
8. Dr. Helmut Panke Former Chairman, BMW AG
9. Jon A. Shirley Former President and Chief Operating Officer, Microsoft Corporation

· Location & Operation Centers
The Information about the Location & Operation centers is given below
Head Office Microsoft CorporationOne Microsoft WayRedmond, WA 98052-7329USATel: (425) 882-8080Fax: (425) 706-7329Web site: http://www.microsoft.com
Operation Centers Role Location
Licensing, Manufacturing, Operations and Logistics. Dublin, Ireland
Manufacturing Humacao, Puerto Rico, USA
Licensing and Operations Reno, Nevada, USA
Operations and Logistics Singapore

· Functional Breakout (Worldwide)

Role Employees
Business Group 34,557
Sales & Marketing Support Group 33,637
Operations Group 2,978

· Revenue and Headcount
Headcount & Revenue Growth
Fiscal Year Ending
Head Count
Net Revenue (US$)
Growth
Net Income (US$)
Growth

June 30, 2006 71,172 $44.28B 11% $12.60B 3%
June 30, 2005 61,000 $39.79B 8% $12.25B 50%
June 30, 2004 57,086 $36.84B 14% $8.17B 8%
June 30, 2003 54,468 $32.19B 13% $7.53B 29%
June 30, 2002 50,621 $28.37B 12% $5.35B -28%
June 30, 2001 48,030 $25.30B 10% $7.35B -22%
June 30, 2000 39,170 $22.96B 16% $9.42B 21%
June 30, 1999 31,575 $19.75B 29% $7.79B 73%
June 30, 1998 27,055 $15.26B 28% $4.49B 30%
June 30, 1997 22,232 $11.94B 32% $3.45B 57%
June 30, 1996 20,561 $9.05B 49% $2.20B 51%

The End

Written by Bhushan Kulkarni

June 19, 2007 at 10:33 am

Posted in Microsoft

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